The Federal Government mandated the formation of the Citizens Review Panel (CRP) in 1999, for the purpose of providing an opportunity for citizens to aid in ensuring that states meet goals of protecting children from abuse and neglect by evaluating the strengths, weaknesses and challenges in the child welfare delivery system. This CRP meets quarterly, reviewing and examining the identified cases of child abuse and neglect that have occurred within a given year. At the end of the calendar year the Panel compiles their findings and recommendations in a report that is presented to the Department of Human Services for their knowledge and consideration, in hopes of improving the child welfare system in Michigan.

Many of the people who serve on the State Advisory Team additionally participate on the Citizen Review Panel on Child Fatalities.